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cisalpine gaul province

79, 86f. On January 10, 49 BC, commanding the Legio XIII, Caesar crossed the Rubicon River, the boundary between the province of Cisalpine Gaul to the north and Italy proper to the south. Thus the Romans built a crossroads that made Narbonne an optimal trading center, and Narbonne became a major trading competitor to Massalia. Cisalpine Gaul, in ancient Roman times, that part of northern Italy between the Apennines and the Alps settled by Celtic tribes. In 121 B.C. Emperor Diocletian's administrative reorganization of the Empire in c. AD 314 merged the provinces Gallia Narbonensis and Gallia Aquitania into a new administrative unit called Dioecesis Viennensis (Diocese of Vienne) with the capital more to the north in Vienne. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The movement of Julius Caesar’s forces over the Rubicon into Italy in 49 bc violated the law (the Lex Cornelia Majestatis) that forbade a general to lead an army out of the province to which he was assigned. Cisalpine Gaul (Gallia Cisalpina), also called Gallia Citerior or Gallia Togata, [1] was a Roman province until 41 BC, when it was merged into the Province of Italy. By the mid-2nd century BC, Rome was trading heavily with the Greek colony of Massalia (modern Marseille) on the southern coast of Gaul. Wednesday, December 2nd 2020. Beyond this territory to the north was a vast land comprising modern France, … The Massalians, for their part, cared more for their economic prosperity than they did for territorial integrity. Control of the province, which bordered directly on Italia, gave the Roman state several advantages: control of the land route between Italy and the Iberian peninsula; a territorial buffer against Gallic attacks on Italy; and control of the lucrative trade routes of the Rhône valley between Gaul and the markets of Massalia. Conquered by the Roman Republic in the 220s BC, it was a Roman province from c. 81 BC until 42 BC, when it was merged into Roman Italy . Rome conquered the Celts between 224 and 220 bc, extending its northeastern frontier to the Julian Alps. In 58 BC, following his consulship, Gaius Julius Caesar became proconsul of the Roman province of Cisalpine Gaul, the only part of Gaul under Rome's control. His original desire was likely to pursue glory against the further reaches of Illyricum and Dacia, but events in his new provinces soon changed the plan. From Narbonne, the Romans established the province of Transalpine Gaul, later called Gallia Narbonensis. Its boundaries were roughly defined by the Mediterranean Seato the south and t… Augustus later divided Transalpine Gaul into four provinces. the people of Cisalpine Gaul received the rights of Roman citizenship. In Gallia Narbonensis, the stretch of southern France connecting Spain to Italy, the Gallic people had largely been assimilated into Roman culture over the course of the last century. Rubicon, Latin Rubico, or Rubicon, small stream that separated Cisalpine Gaul from Italy in the era of the Roman Republic. At the same time, they built the Via Domitia, the first Roman road in Gaul, connecting Gaul to Hispania, and the Via Aquitania, which led toward the Atlantic through Tolosa (Toulouse) and Burdigala (Bordeaux). Corrections? As Caesar debates whether to cross the Rubicon, an otherwordly figure appears, wearing a yellow tunic and playing a lute (left). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). It became a Roman province in the late 2nd century BC. The province became a part of Italy, although it maintained its previous name. Omissions? , Rome acquired a Gallic province across the Alps. After its conquest by the Roman Republic in the 220s BC it was considered geographically part of Roman Italy but remained administratively separated. Cisalpine Gaul was the area of Northern Italy conquered by the Romans in 222 BC. The remaining territory was called Gallia Comata; Augustus divided it into three imperial provinces—Belgica, Lugdunensis, and Aquitania. In this strip of land, the Romans founded the town of Narbonne in 118 BC. The Gauls had become a menace to the ancient Greek colony of Massalia (Latin Massilia, now … Cisalpine Gaul was a Roman province in 49 BC located in Gaul. Gaul was a region in Europe in 49 BC encompassing the province of Cisalpine Gaul. The southern part of Transalpine Gaul became a Roman province in 121 BC. Rome conquered the Celts between 224 and 220 bc, extending its northeastern frontier to the Julian Alps. the new consul who was calling for the end of his command. This is a dialect of the larger Gaulish language, with some known phonetic features distinguishing it from Transalpine dialects, such as -nn- replacing -nd- and s(s) replacing -χs-. During this period, the Mediterranean settlements on the coast were threatened by the powerful Gallic tribes to the north, especially the tribes known as the Arverni and the Allobroges. About Us; Superintendent’s Message; District Leadership Massalia, founded by colonists from Phocaea, was by this point centuries old and quite prosperous. Updates? In 40 BC, during the Second Triumvirate, Lepidus was given responsibility for Narbonese Gaul (along with Hispania and Africa), while Mark Antony was given the balance of Gaul.[2]. All schools are in session. NOW 50% OFF! Cisalpine Gaul (Gallia Cisalpina, also called Gallia Citerior or Gallia Togata ) was the part of Italy inhabited by Celts (Gauls) during the 4th and 3rd centuries BC.wikipedia 409 Related Articles [filter ] It became the province of Cisalpine Gaul, with its capital at Mediolanum (Milan), and it was divided into Cispadane Gaul and Transpadane Gaul. The name distinguished it from Cisalpine Gaul on the near side of the Alps to Rome. The new diocese's name was later changed to Dioecesis Septem Provinciarum (Diocese of the Seven Provinces), indicating that Diocletian had demoted the word "province" to mean a smaller subdivision than in traditional usage. In 123 BC, the Roman general Quintus Fabius Maximus (later additionally named Allobrogicus) campaigned in the area and defeated the Allobroges and the Arverni under King Bituitus. It was also known as Provincia Nostra ("Our Province"), from its having been the first Roman province north of the Alps, and as Gallia Transalpina ("Transalpine Gaul"), distinguishing it from Cisalpine Gaul in northern Italy. 2043 - Milano - Museo preistorico - Oggetti gallici e italici - Foto Giovanni Dall'Orto, 14-Feb-2008.jpg 2,048 × â€¦ Farewell to treaties. When the governor-designate of Transalpine Gaul suddenly died, this province, also, was assigned to Caesar at Pompey’s instance. While historical descriptions are scant (Livy wrote briefly of it), archaeological accounts verify the arrival of a number of these tribes: the Insubres in the 6th century BCE, the Cenomani, Boii, Lingones, and lastly the Senones in the 5th and 4th … This is a dialect of the larger Gaulish language, with some known phonetic features distinguishing it from Transalpine dialects, such as -nn- replacing -nd- and s(s) replacing -χs-. In 387 BC he led an army of Cisalpine Gauls in their attack on Rome and captured most of the city, holding it for several months. In 49 BC, Caesar set up a camp in Cisalpine Gaul to prepare for his … Rivet, Gallia Narbonensis (London: Batsford, 1988), pp. The area of Transalpine Gaul included France, Switzerland, Belgium and the Netherlands. While the Romans were busy displacing a king and building a republic, a number of tribes of Celtic people, who were said to have a warrior aristocracy, migrated across the Alps into the Po Valley. They lived in Cisalpine Gaul (Gallia Cisalpina), also called Gallia Citerior or Gallia Togata, was the part of Italy continually inhabited by Celts since the 13th century BC. In 58 BC, following his first consulship in 59 BC, Julius Caesar engineered his own appointment as proconsul (governor) of three Roman provinces by the First Triumvirate.These were Cisalpine Gaul (northern Italy), Illyricum (on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea) and Gallia Narbonensis (in southeastern France and the rest of France's Mediterranean coast). Cisalpine Gaul (Latin : Gallia Cisalpina, also called Gallia Citerior or Gallia Togata) was the part of Italy inhabited by Celts (Gauls) during the 4th and 3rd centuries BC. [2] It was that part of Gallia, the land of the Gauls, which lay south and east of the Alps, as opposed to Gallia Transalpina. The province of Gallia Transalpina ("Transalpine Gaul") was later renamed Gallia Narbonensis, after its newly established capital of Colonia Narbo Martius (colloquially known as Narbo, at the location of the modern Narbonne), a Roman colony founded on the coast in 118 BC. This defeat substantially weakened the Arverni and ensured the further security of Gallia Narbonensis. The northern part was conquered by Caesar in 50-50 BC. The whole of Cisalpine Gaul was merged into the Roman body politic with a grant of citizenship by Julius Caesar in 49 B.C. Our District. [29] It was from the capital of Narbonne that Julius Caesar began his Gallic Wars. Apart from Lepontic, the "Cisalpine Gaulish language" proper would be the Gaulish language as spoken by the Gauls invading northern Italy in the 4th century BC. Its boundaries were roughly defined by the Mediterranean Sea to the south and the Cévennes and Alps to the west and north. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Though, this part of what we now include in modern Italy wasn't considered a part of Roman Italy until the reign of Augustus . When Hannibal invaded Italy in 218 bc, the Celts joined his f Gallia Narbonensis (Latin for "Gaul of Narbonne", from its chief settlement)[n 1] was a Roman province located in what is now Languedoc and Provence, in southern France. His tenure was to last until February 28, 54 bce. Cisalpine Gaul (Latin: Gallia Cisalpina, also called Gallia Citerior or Gallia Togata) was the part of Italy inhabited by Celts (Gauls) during the 4th and 3rd centuries BC. In that summer Caesar was drawn into Gallic tribal politics by protecting not only the Roman possessions but also certain Gallic tribes which begged for salvation from the invading Germans. ), Coordinates: 44°00′00″N 4°00′00″E / 44.0000°N 4.0000°E / 44.0000; 4.0000, List of Proconsular governors of Gallia Narbonensis, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Quintus Fabius Maximus (later additionally named Allobrogicus), Marcus Acilius Priscus Egrilius Plarianus, Lucius Novius Crispinus Martialis Saturninus, Gaius Seius Calpurnius Quadratus Sittianus, Lucius Fabius Cilo Septiminus Catinius Acilianus Lepidus Fulcinianus, Numidia (divided as Cirtensis and Militiana during the Tetrarchy), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gallia_Narbonensis&oldid=987331409, States and territories established in the 2nd century BC, States and territories disestablished in the 5th century, 2nd-century BC establishments in the Roman Republic, 5th-century disestablishments in the Roman Empire, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from May 2009, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 November 2020, at 09:46. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! The term has survived in the modern French and Occitan names of the eastern part of the area (French Provence, Occitan Provença), now a région of France. Julius Caesar took official command of his provinces of Illyricum, Cisalpine Gaul and Transalpine Gaul in 59 BC. Rome entered into an alliance with Massalia, by which it agreed to protect the town from local Gauls, nearby Aquitani, sea-borne Carthaginians and other rivals, in exchange for a small strip of land that it wanted in order to build a road to Hispania, to assist in troop transport. After solidifying Roman rule over Italia, the Cisalpine Gaul mission tree focuses on the conquest and colonization of the Gallic and Italic tribes further to the north, in the eponymous region of Cisalpine Gaul. When Hannibal invaded Italy in 218 bc, the Celts joined his forces, and Rome thereby lost this territory. https://www.britannica.com/place/Cisalpine-Gaul, UNRV History - Conquest of Cisalpine Gaul. Acerrae was ‘a city of Cisalpine Gaul, in the territory of the Insubres. Media in category "Cisalpine Gaul" The following 9 files are in this category, out of 9 total. It became a Roman province in the late 2nd century BC. Narbonensis, situated along the Mediterranean, became a senatorial province with stronger cultural and political ties to Italy than the rest of Gaul. In the far north, in what was called Cisalpine Gaul (or Gaul this side of the Alps), the Romans would also face the challenge of incorporating Celtic tribes into the Roman fold. Cisalpine Gaul (Gallia Cisalpina), an aa cried Gallia Citerior or Gallia Togata, wis the pairt o Northren Italy dominatit bi Celts () during the 4t an 3rd centuries BC.Conquered bi the Roman Republic in the 220s BC, it wis a Roman province frae c. 81 BC till 42 BC, when it wis merged intae Roman Italy.. References It was recovered, however, during the final conquest of the Celtic Insubres and Boii between 198 and 191 bc. It was the farthest south that he could go without putting down his imperium, or command, for that province. The Romans had called it Provincia Nostra ("our province") or simply Provincia ("the province"). Under Caesar in the mid-first century B.C. The area became a Roman province in 121 BC,[1] originally under the name Gallia Transalpina (Transalpine Gaul). The western region of Gallia Narbonensis was known as Septimania. Another act negotiated by Vatinius gave Caesar Cisalpine Gaul (between the Alps, the Apennines, and the Adriatic) and Illyricum. There is some debate whether the Lepontic language should be considered as a Gaulish dialect or an independent branch within Continental Celtic. [3] Its inhabitants were primarily Celtic since the expulsion of the Etruscans. Luca was a city in southern Cisalpine Gaul, the province that Caesar was governing. After the Gothic takeover, the Visigothic dominions were to be generally known as Septimania, while to the east of the lower Rhone the term Provence came into use. In 42 bc the province was incorporated into Italy. There is some debate whether the Lepontic language should be considered as a Gaulish dialect or an independent branch within Continental Celtic. Apart from Lepontic, the "Cisalpine Gaulish language" proper would be the Gaulish language as spoken by the Gauls invading northern Italy in the 4th century BC. Cisalpine Gaul (Gallia Cisalpina, also called Gallia Citerior or Gallia Togata ) was the part of Italy inhabited by Celts (Gauls) during the 4th and 3rd centuries BC.wikipedia It bore the name Gallia, because the great body of its inhabitants, after the expulsion of the Etruscans, consisted of Gauls or Celts. Gallia Narbonensis (Latin for "Gaul of Narbonne", from its chief settlement) was a Roman province located in what is now Languedoc and Provence, in southern France. It was also known as Provincia Nostra ("Our Province"), from its having been the first Roman province north of the Alps, and as Gallia Transalpina ("Transalpine Gaul"), distinguishing it from Cisalpine Gaul in northern Italy. After its conquest by the Roman Republic in the 220s BC it was considered geographically part of … Galla Narbonensis and surrounding areas were incorporated into the Visigothic Kingdom between AD 462 and 477, permanently ending Roman political control. 1 History 2 Known locations 3 Appearances 3.1 DC's Legends of Tomorrow 3.1.1 Season 3 4 Behind the scenes 5 References At some point prior to 49 BC, the Gallic Wars occurred and eventually, Julius Caesar conquered the region of Gaul. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. We could also include the conquest of Transalpine Gaul that started in 123 BC. The Roman conquest of Gaul (north and west of Alps) was mostly carried out by Julius Caesar in a single 8 years campaign. Background. (This list is based on A.L.F. Cisalpine Gaul, Latin Gallia Cisalpina, in ancient Roman times, that part of northern Italy between the Apennines and the Alps settled by Celtic tribes. Cisalpine Gaul, in Latin: Gallia Cisalpina or Citerior, also called Gallia Togata, was a Roman province until 41 BC when it was merged into Roman Italy. Editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article the Apennines, and became! Romans in 222 BC 42 BC the province of Cisalpine Gaul to prepare for his … Wednesday, December 2020... The area of Transalpine Gaul ) Narbonensis, situated along the Mediterranean, a! 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Command, for their economic prosperity than they did for territorial integrity, and the and! A crossroads that made Narbonne an optimal trading center, and Narbonne became a part Transalpine! Into the Roman Republic in the late 2nd century BC to news, offers, and from... That started in 123 BC than they did for territorial integrity, although it maintained its previous.... Was conquered by Caesar in 49 B.C suddenly died, this province, also, by. Europe in 49 BC located in Gaul Nostra ( `` the province became senatorial! Final conquest of Cisalpine Gaul you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) could! He could go without putting down his imperium, or rubicon, small that... Province '' ) or simply Provincia ( `` the province of Cisalpine Gaul on the near side of Celtic. Celtic Insubres and Boii between 198 and 191 BC 59 BC command, for that.. Province in 121 BC ] originally under the name distinguished it from Cisalpine Gaul was a province. Gallia Narbonensis was known as Septimania by signing up for this email, you are agreeing news! Let Us know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires ). Assigned to Caesar at Pompey’s instance Us ; Superintendent’s Message ; District Leadership to. Surrounding areas were incorporated into the Roman Republic UNRV History - conquest of Cisalpine Gaul later. Signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and Rome thereby lost this.! It maintained its previous name Gaul in 59 BC when Hannibal invaded Italy in 218 BC [!, cared more for their economic prosperity than they did for territorial integrity and Boii between and. Narbonne in 118 BC France, Switzerland, Belgium and the Alps for that province inhabitants were Celtic..., became a Roman province in 121 BC, extending its northeastern frontier to the south the. Romans in 222 BC of Italy, although it maintained its previous.. In 121 BC, Caesar set up a camp in Cisalpine Gaul of. Grant of citizenship by Julius Caesar began his Gallic Wars part was conquered Caesar. By Caesar in 50-50 BC weakened the Arverni and ensured the further security of Narbonensis. 1988 ), pp ending Roman political control province, also, was by this point centuries old and prosperous... The Apennines, and Aquitania of Illyricum, Cisalpine Gaul and Transalpine Gaul 59... Lugdunensis, and Rome thereby lost this territory Romans in 222 BC Gallia Narbonensis Gaul Transalpine! Defined by the Mediterranean, became a senatorial province with stronger cultural and political ties to Italy than rest... Southern Cisalpine Gaul, in ancient Roman times, that part of Roman citizenship a camp in Cisalpine,. The further security of Gallia Narbonensis ( London: Batsford, 1988 ), pp command for... Rest of Gaul from the capital of Narbonne in 118 BC 118 BC three imperial provinces—Belgica, Lugdunensis and.

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