Lately the subject of CLs has gripped my interest, and so with the Destroyers thread, here we have the best/worst WWII Light Cruisers edition. The Omaha were the first American cruisers after a very long eclipse dating back to 1907 (the Chester). Had she met another cruiser in combat she would have had an overwhelming firepower advantage. Their anti-submarine protection was very advanced and their active service was very active and long. Their conception goes back to the beginning of the war, when all the treaties of limitation became obsolete. Before that, the USN had experimented with fleet armoured cruisers, built alongside pre-dreadnoughts, down to small unprotected cruisers not much larger than gunboats (and reclassified as such in WW1). This was substantially thicker than the cruisers of other nations. Like them, they had this hull flush-deck and were recognisable “oven pipers”. Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives. Maximum speed: 33 knots Shield: Belt 152, turrets 203, bridges 57mm Weaponry: 9 guns of 203 mm (3 × 3), 8 of 127 mm, 8 ML 12.7 mm AA, 4 aircraft Crew: 929. No doubt the “tin class cruisers” of the previous Washington designs, imposed by the tonnage limit forced the office of construction and repair within the Admiralty to review its copy by gaining weight where it was necessary for a better distribution and improve protection. The influence of President Roosevelt on their design is often cited. The Mark 16 rate of fire was about 8-10 rounds per minute, improved on the Mark 16DP to 12 rounds per minute. In 1944, the Milwaukee was transferred to the USSR as a lease-loan becoming the Murmansk, to provide escorts from that port. Those who had time to participate were 12: The USS Baltimore, Boston, Camberra, Quincy, Pittsburgh, St. Paul, Columbus, Chicago, Bremerton, Fall River, Los Angeles and Macon. The hull in particular was retained for all subsequent cruisers, heavy or light. Poster of the WW2 USN Cruisers of WW2, extract from the upcoming “The Real Thing” about ww2 USN fleet. She survived the war and was broken up in December 1959. Machinery: 3 shafts. The others served as AA escorts for the large Task Forces of the Pacific. USS Portland (CA33), was very active and deployed during most major naval operations of the Pacific, and several times damaged. Armor: Turrets 50-60, belt 76, blockhouse and casemate 95-20 mm, bridge 25 mm. The Portland-class heavy cruiser USS Indianapolis (CA 35) was the flagship for Admiral Raymond A. Spruance during the Central Pacific offensive in 1943 and 1944. Some were completed too late to participate in the war: the USS Manchester, Galveston, Fargo and Huntington, who did not have the opportunity to assert the relevance of their new design in operations. Like for the Boston class conversion (see after), their main conventional armament was kept forward, but a Terrier or Talos SAM systems were installed at the rear, with reloads and enough room for 46 or 120 missiles depending on the type. In 1943, in July, the USS Helena was sunk by German guided flying bombs. per minute, Admiral Hipper class (AP Shells) – 10,760 lbs. Ten cruisers (7 heavy and 3 light) were sunk and 36 new (6 heavy, 22 light, and 8 anti-aircraft) were commissioned in time to participate in the war. Nothing of that scale was ever built afterwards, even when the USSR unveiled in 1979 its famous Kirov class “battlecruisers”. Some were dropped from the lists after 1960, and others survived until 1970-78. Wikimedia Commons has media related to World War II cruisers of the United States This category is for cruisers designed, built, or operated by the United States during World War II (1939–1945). The Pensacola class was quasi-experimental. The circular hatches under the gun barrels are for ejecting spent shell casings. Built lightly, they relied on speed and were part of this generation of what were called tin-clad cruisers, relying on speed as their only protection. USS Boston and Canberra were converted at New York SB, both were recommissioned in November 1955 and June 1956. The blockhouse was protected by 5.5-in also. A larger hull was needed to improve resistance to torpedoes while also supporting stronger armor and more powerful weaponry. These ten ships received in 1936 a new main telemeter, their front mast was reinforced, and a more modern DCA was added to them in 1939, consisting of several double cal.50 (12.7 mm) machine gun carriages. Free shipping for many products! The new dreadnought in particular, in a Navy deeply shaped by Alfred Thayer Mahan ideas, was to concentrate all the attention and credits. From 1929 a plan called for 20 new cruisers, and very quickly the admiralty was interested in well-balanced European designs. The Cleveland class were placed in reserve in 1946-49 reactivated and modernized in part, discarded in the 1960s or 1970s depending on the level of modernization. There were several cruisers with important roles in battles. This greater size was needed to handle the additional armor and heavier weaponry. The last one, USS Tucson was only completed by 3 February 1945, to be discarded in 1949. However, there was one cruiser that was born from all cruisers before it. The ‘A’ meant ‘armored’. They fired a 105 pounds (48 kg) shell at 900 meters per second (2,950 ft/s) and up to 23,130 meters (25,295 yd) in maximal elevation. The weaker version was the Mark 17, only capable of 5-8 rounds per minute and installed on the Erie class gunboats in single mounts. What little action they saw were gunnery support missions off of Korea and Vietnam. But in 1944, the situation in Japan was such that the only threats to be feared were Kamikazes and pocket submersibles of the coastal defense or suicide boats. They were closely modelled on the Brooklyns but improved in all directions, range, AA armament, torpedo protection, electronics, etc. Great guns with great fire chance, Great torpedoes with decent firing arcs, and good survivability with a big health pool. Of course in 1917 they had been rearmed and refitted. Morover their pitch was high due to flush deck hull too short, narrow and overloaded in the front, making these ships ploughing excessively and disturbingly, in heavy weather. I don't know if she was the best heavy cruiser of WW2 but I do think she was the best looking! Semi-automated, these had excellent anti-aircraft capabilities as well as anti-ships and became widespread on the USN. Parsons geared turbines, 8 Navy boilers, 60,000 shp = 31 kts. This ubiquitous secondary, dual purpose artillery was a wartime creation in its dual turret form. Two 45 pounds (20 kg) silk bags of smokeless powder were loaded each time. Providing the main anti-air firepower was the new 3″/50 Rapid Fire gun. Initially only four ships were ordered, followed by four others much later, and war broken out in the meantime, and so they come as completely redefined in the 1940s with a new rearmament program in a serie of 11 vessels, later curtailed. The AAA artillery differed between ships, 28 x 40 mm and 21 x 20 mm for both Fargo subclasses in 1945. The first two, Cleveland and Columbia, were laid down in the summer of 1940, while the last commissioned one of the proper Cleveland class was the USS Portsmouth (CL-102) in June 1945, however ten hulls were completed as fast light fleet aircraft carriers (CVL, Independence class), and many other converted after the war as hybrid missile cruisers. Its genesis goes back to 1941, and the choice of the gun and engine proved to be crucial matters. Despite displacing over 4000 additional tons compared to the Baltimore class cruiser, the Des Moines utilized the same boilers and turbines. Superstructures were purely utilitarian, narrow to free more space abreast. Determining what would have been the greatest heavy cruiser would be a challenging task. The latter were very lightly built, yet large cruisers, displacing only 3,750 tons standard, armed with just two 5 in (127 mm)/50 caliber Mark 6 guns and an array of 3-in guns, good only for annoying torpedo boats. Navy Won’t Repair Fire-Damaged Warship, Saying It Would Cost Billions, CJCS Milley: Character of War in Midst of Fundamental Change, Video: Volunteer Lifeboat Crew Saves Two Divers in Nighttime Rescue, Report: Skipper tried to quarantine crew for 28 days on their ship before a weeklong underway, On Midrats 6 December 2020 – Episode 570: From Fleet to the NSC, with Mark Vandroff, Hanwha Defense completes K9 SPH deliveries to South Korean military. The Cleveland-class cruisers formed series of ships which became the most prolific ever for cruisers. 1/1800th scale Northampton-class cruiser model. Some areas were protected against 6-in shells at certain angles, but 8-in shells could pass through them without problem. Like the Baltimore class, she carried a heavy 6″ belt over her magazines and machinery. Cruising range, power plant, protection, secondary battery, AA battery were all second to none. None of these were sunk during the war. Criteria would be the same as best battleship. Their hulls were actually twenty years old at that stage. The United States Navy began building a series of battlecruisers in the 1920s, more than a decade after their slower and less heavily armed armored cruisers had been rendered obsolete by the Royal Navy's Invincible-class battlecruisers. As squadron destroyer leaders they proved a little more useful. This revised 1942 design was to give them a better arc of fire for their AAA by adopting a more compact superstructure, entirely reviewed and simplified, plus a single funnel. Best Light Cruisers of World War II - CHUCKHAWKS.COM Hot www.chuckhawks.com The only American 6" cruiser classes were the Brooklyn's (9767 tons, 15-6" guns, 1938-1939) and the Cleveland's (11,744 tons, 12-6" guns, 1942-1946). USS Newport News (Des Moines class) alongside USS Boston (Baltimore class). See how the US Navy tried to create the ultimate cruiser-killer ship. But they were deployed both in Korea and Vietnam. Despite their great power, they could not compete against time and advancing technology. per minute. The battlecruiser (also written as battle cruiser or battle-cruiser) was a type of capital ship of the first half of the 20th century. Ordered in 1935 they were launched in 1937 and 1939, completed just as the war broke out, the second on 10 May 1940, just as the invasion … The heavy cruiser genre was then brought to a logical degree of “upsizing” taking into account the reality that applied to all warships, ever larger and more powerful. Another peculiarity of these ships was the adoption of a better distributed shielding, and new shells for their 203 mm pieces. This class of warship took the lessons from World War 2 and was designed around them. USS Wichita spent most of her career in the Atlantic, escorting convoys with the Royal Navy. And against other battlecruisers for the time, she would be a mighty threat Honourable mention: Scharnhorst class. The Baltimore class cruisers were not to be the last or the largest conventional cruisers built, followed after the war by the Worcester and the Des Moines, but they are certainly among the best. This was translated, but simplified into USN designators such as CL (light cruisers), CA (heavy cruisers), and CB (Large cruisers). Us Navy Heavy Cruiser United States Navy Baltimore Ww2 Boats Ships Korean Military USS Toledo (CA-133) Baltimore-class heavy cruiser of the US Navy. French tier 8 is one of the best cruiser at that tier, but before that, Algérie (tier 7) is good but a bit boring imo, and the lower tier are terrible. The term “CA” was a fairly ancient one, dating back to the first USN protected and armoured cruisers, before WW1. USS Pensacola twin, USS Salt Lake City, was launched in 1930 and completed in 1931. From at least the mid-1920's onward, the USN favored heavy cruisers over light cruisers. The USN present us to a radical, unusual fact: There has been a total ‘vacancy’, a gap in naval programs concerning cruisers. Chris Knupp has written several articles on various aspects of military history and technology. On trials, Des Moines achieved 125,630shp = 32.66kts at 20,532t. Construction of these ships was abandoned under the terms of an armaments limitation treaty, though two were completed as aircraft carriers. The Baltimores were to resume studies with the USS Wichita and push their advantage in a more massive hull while paying particular attention to protection. As far as the best all round destroyers of WWII, the Fletchers would be hard to beat. These ships had been designated â¦ Therefore 10,000 tons cruisers armed with 6-in guns were now, if not desirable, realistic. The Misfit Who, On His First Mission, Became the First Enlisted Airman To Receive a Medal of Honor, Netflix’s The Liberator to be Released on Veterans Day, Company Imports Trove of M1 Carbines from Ethiopia to Sell in US, Baltimore class (AP Shells)- 12,060 lbs. The industrial steamroller so feared by admiral Yamamoto was unleashed in 1942. This was the only loss of this class, and only USN cruiser sunk by missiles. After the conflict, this force was of course largely involved in many support operations, and some were later converted into hybrid missile launchers. shell or a 260 pounds (118 kg) H.E. Each of the Alaska-class was given nine Mark 8 in three triple arrangements, so 18 in total for the whole class as the remainder ships were cancelled. Among these changes, the most notable was the appearance of a new class in its own right, the “Washington Cruiser” which in fact was the typical form of the heavy cruiser, a new category with almost intangible, 10,000 tons – Eight 8-inches (203 mm). These excellent weapons were the mainstay of US warships throughout WW2. Supporting the larger 8″ guns was a smaller battery of twelve 5″ dual purpose guns carried over from previous cruiser designs. This model is designed and tested at 1/1800th scale, but up-scaling and down-scaling are possible. I'd prefer to keep it from 1935 onwards for ship eligibility, even though much older CLs saw service in the war. Crew size: 631. As expected, the Cleveland had a little more machine space and integral power supply that made portholes obsolete as source of waterways. With their heavy firepower and thick armor, they would have fared well against the Japanese heavy cruisers. Post-war testing done by the US Navy showed that a single 3″/50 was as effective as eight 40mm Bofors guns. Had she met another cruiser in combat she would have had an overwhelming firepower advantage. Because the British needed a lot of cruisers more than they needed the most powerful cruisers, they generally favored the smaller (6in gun) light cruiser to the larger (8in gun) heavy cruiser. IJN guns have good HE shells and decent AP shells, together with a sweet dispersion. It is a shame as one could only imagine the results had the Des Moines been able to participate in a cruiser battle like Guadalcanal or Surigao Strait. The Bonneville Bobber, however, introduced as a US-style âbobberâ take on the Bonneville roadster, complete with chopped down, post-WW2 styling, proved inspired and was an immediate hit. Such weapons would overcome the great defect of existing 8in guns – excessively slow fire – so slow that it was almost impossible to hit fast Japanese ships in night actions; at the same time they would greatly out-ranged the existing fast-firing 6in weapons. The 3″/50 was the smallest gun able to use VT fused shells and could obliterate an aircraft with a direct hit. This item will ship to United States, ... Cruiser Axe, Original WW2 Collectible US Uniforms, Original WW2 Collectible US Photographs, This was, by all margins, the largest cruiser force that ever roamed the oceans. This was the model fitted on the triple turrets of the USS Brooklyn and the eight other ships of the class. They became the stable of heavy short range AA artillery on all USN Cruisers. These modifications were the prototypes of the subsequent Northampton class reconstruction. Each weighted ten tons. When the treaty of Washington was ratified by the great naval powers in 1922, the nomenclature of the types was modified and somehow concepts, consecrated. The last version even made it on a cold war Forrest Sherman destroyer, the USS Hull, for testing purposes, called the 8 in/55 Mark 71 gun mount. Had she arrived a little earlier, the Des Moines class could have been a force to be reckoned with. See more ideas about Heavy cruiser, Cruisers, Navy ships. These much heavier ones could in parabolic trajectory cross the thickest armor of Japanese heavy cruisers in service. Eighty years at the bottom of the sea. On the other hand, this passage to fifteen guns took place at the cost of a drastic reduction of armor compared to New Orleans. A big chunk has been treated already in sections such as the generic WW2 USN page and the WW2 Battleship section, notably for the 5-in (and dual 3-in/38), 3-in guns and light AA artillery. If the British, French and Italians chose the double turret configuration, the Americans from the beginning adopted a triple turret configuratiosn already well initiated for their dreadnought. USS Birmingham in 1944, soon after the battle of Leyte where she was badly damaged by the explosion of the carrier St Lo, Displacement: 11,744 t. standard -14 130 t. Full Load Dimensions: 185.9 m long, 20.22 m wide, 7.47 m draft Machinery: 4 propellers, 4 GE turbines, 4 Babcock & Wilcox boilers, 100,000 hp. There are a total of [ 49 ] WW2 Cruiser Warships (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. They were “light” only in contrast with the Baltimore, as their wartime tonnage reached 12,000 tonnes empty and 14,000 fully load, above Washington limits. The last USN major loss in this war. For the modernized cruisers CGL-3-8, Springfield, Topeka, Providence, Oklahoma City, Little Rock, and Galveston were rebuilt on the same model as hybrid conventional/missile cruisers. In 1942, they all received a new open gangway, with lightened superstructure, the CT removed, and portholes largely welded shuts. They proved in operation that they were a pretty bastard concept, finally, and having no adversaries after their war, expensive maintenance and in any case outclassed by missiles, these dinosaurs had no place in the fleet. The class will comprise nine vessels, including a later sub-class called the St. Louis with improved engine protection. But speed remained very comfortable at 33 knots. The guns of USS St Paul blazing out off the Vietnam coast in 1966. Flag images indicative of â¦ (L) May 6, 1945. Specifications Displacement: 10,258 t. standard -12,755 t. Full Load Dimensions: 185.9 m long, 20.12 m wide, 6.40 m draft Machines: 4 propellers, 4 Parsons turbines, 8 Yarrow boilers, 107,000 hp. 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