. The Catholic Reformation or Counter-Reformation in 16th century Musée protestant > The 16th century > The Catholic Reformation or Counter-Reformation in 16th century An unavoidable reform to fight against the development of Protestantism. Encyclopedia.com. In this way Rome was to shape the development of the early Baroque style in the visual arts in a way that was similar to the role that it was acquiring as Europe's major center of architectural design. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/culture-magazines/counter-reformations-impact-art. To mark a departure from the recent dismal past, Pope Clement VIII planned to make the Jubilee Year 1600 into a major occasion that might promote the renewal that was underway in the church. He was raised to the rank of a cardinal in 1565 and a year later was made bishop of Bologna. The 5th councilof Latran ended in 1517 but had come to nothing. The plan was not adopted, and Paleotti died several years later. Write. Iconoclasm in the Netherlands in the Sixteenth Century. Shop for counter-reformation art from the world's greatest living artists. Among these were the Dome of St. Peter's, the Jesuit's Church of Il Gesù, major renovations to the Church of St. John Lateran, as well as a number of public monuments and squares. The Reformation asked these and other good questions. In the years immediately following his death, though, some of Paleotti's prescriptions for a historically accurate and naturalistic art came to fruition in the works of artists at Rome. At Smarthistory we believe art has the power to transform lives and to build understanding across cultures. 13 terms. As the expectation for this event grew, many of Rome's religious institutions and You know what I mean? Art and Spirituality in Counter-Reformation Rome offers an interdisciplinary study of the chapels, providing an interpretive reading of their artistic programs as an expression of their patrons' personal spirituality and of the larger institutional concerns of the papacy as it confronted the Protestant challenge. https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/culture-magazines/counter-reformations-impact-art, "The Counter Reformation's Impact on Art The stylistic changes evident in the visual arts at the beginning of the Baroque period can in part be traced to historical developments that occurred in the wake of the Council of Trent (1545–1563), the church council that was to define the character of Roman Catholicism and its teachings until modern times. Choose your favorite counter-reformation designs and purchase them as wall art, home decor, phone cases, tote bags, and more! He was asked to recant (to disavow) his writings at the Diet of Worms (an unfortunate name for a council held by the Holy Roman Emperor in the German city of Worms). At the beginning of the 16 th Century, the Protestant … "The Counter Reformation's Impact on Art a system of fines for painters and sculptors who violated these guidelines. At Smarthistory we believe art has the power to transform lives and to build understanding across cultures. The Discover Baroque Art Virtual Exhibitions present the cultural environment of European baroque, putting the spotlight on less familiar highlights of Baroque art and architecture, alongside universally known masterpieces. Gravity. Spell. Created by. View Counter-Reformation art Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. STUDY. Borromeo, a major figure in many aspects of Catholic reform, published his treatise Instructions for Builders and Decorators of Churches, in 1577, and its 33 chapters considered such subjects as the proper church layout, design, and furnishings necessary for Christian worship. Counter Reformation and Art History. Shop for counter-reformation art from the world's greatest living artists. Yet during the 1580s and 1590s, Paleotti's generally humane and moderate proposals for artistic reform went unheeded in the larger Italian artistic world. Toward the end of the 1570s, he dedicated himself to writing a massive theological treatise on the correct uses of painting and sculpture within Catholicism. Pressure to restrain religious imagery affected art from the 1530s and influenced several decrees from the final session of the Council of Trent in 1563. . (Rome: Edizioni di storia e letteratura, 1959–1967). ." In the years that followed, the subject of religious art came to be debated vigorously throughout Italy, largely through the efforts of two Italian bishops: Charles Borromeo (1538–1584) of Milan and Gabrielle Paleotti (1522–1597) of Bologna. see also Religion: Catholic Culture in the Age of the Baroque. Test. For example, Paolo Veronese was ordered to change. The genius of Baroque art was Gianlorenzo Bernini, a sculptor whose work dominated the period called the `High Baroque' (1625-75). Among the contemporary artists Borromeo admired were Jacopo Bassano, Antonio Campi, and the great Venetian Titian, and his private collection of images included several works by these masters. The difference between Protestant and Catholic art was further emphasized by the Council of Trent (1545-63), which initiated Catholic Counter-Reformation art, and in the process issued a new set of aesthetics for a more stringent style of painting and sculpture. Counter Reformation Baroque most prevalent art style between 1600 and 1750 art style: asymmetric composition, light and dark contrasts, bold suited for absolutism: used to glorify rulers connection to Counter Reformation much like absolutism, the Counter Reformation was mostly 17th century by the Counter-Reformation (1600-1715) —the Counter-Reformation reestablished discipline of the church and an attempt to do so with art. . Reformation and Counter-Reformation. Cranach, Law and Gospel . • Council of Trent: dealt with transubstantiation, purgatory, apostolic succession, celibacy, etc. What is Roman Catholic Counter-Reformation Art? By contrast, the fathers at Trent reiterated the Catholic Church's long-standing support for religious art. Their works exemplified Borromeo's principles by being readily intelligible and treating their subjects in clear and forceful ways. • Council of Trent: dealt with transubstantiation, purgatory, apostolic succession, celibacy, etc. While Borromeo aimed to censor religious art by outlawing the Mannerist tendency to veil meanings, the bishop was at the same time an enthusiastic promoter of religious images. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Contemporary religious art. Developments a PATRIARCHATE ( Gr the Spiritual Exercises of Saint Ignatius Loyola very. Religious art. Reformation or the Protestant Reformation started with criticism of some incidences of corruption by members... Force in the late sixteenth century was a revolution within the church and an to! Artwork ships within 48 hours and include a 30-day money-back guarantee, 1959–1967 ) —the reestablished... 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counter reformation art

17th century by the Counter-Reformation (1600-1715) —the Counter-Reformation reestablished discipline of the church and an attempt to do so with art. This work also prescribed The Counter-Reformation was a reaction movement that followed this originally crusade, and was lead by the Catholics as a response to the wide spread of Protestantism. Reformation and Counter-Reformation. He worked as an architect, decorat…, PATRIARCHATE https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/culture-magazines/counter-reformations-impact-art. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Though the official launching of the Counter Reformation took place at the Council of Trent, convoked in 1545 by Pope Paul III,… The messages of their works were set off with artistic features that enhanced their emotional appeal. Description: This assignment is a group discussion. Voelker, "Borromeo's Influence on Sacred Art and Architecture," in San Carlo Borromeo: Catholic Reform and Ecclesiastical Politics in the Second Half of the Sixteenth Century. According to the Art History Professor Sarah Blick from Canyon University, the Counter- Reformation had a more direct influence on art produced after 1520s then the Protestant Reformation. The 16th century was a pretty crazy time for Europe. Learn more about the history, key reformers, educational and missionary endeavors, and legacy of the Catholic Counter-Reformation. 2 vols. (October 16, 2020). Art and Culture - Module 10 - Reformation and Counter-Reformation 1. How do you get to heaven? Artworks painted in this time were largely religious, and depicted Jesus Christ and Mother Mary. The Counter-Reformation. The Discover Baroque Art Virtual Exhibitions present the cultural environment of European baroque, putting the spotlight on less familiar highlights of Baroque art and architecture, alongside universally known masterpieces. The development of the Reformation urged Charles V to call for another council meeting. More Counter-Reformation Art: The Council of Trent gave important instruction on the use of images. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Mar 29, 2016 - A look at the art before, during, and "result" of the protestant reformation. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. Mar 29, 2016 - A look at the art before, during, and "result" of the protestant reformation. In the following story, artwork and artists from the Counter-Reformation period have been discussed. Key Points. Counter-Reformation started with the Council of Trent in 1545, and ended with the 30 Years War in 1648, lasting for more than a century. Created by. Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Works Through the Lens of the Counter-Reformation. These decrees included short passages concerning religious images that had significant impact on the development of Catholic art during the Counter-Reformation. The Church initially ignored Martin Luther, but Luther’s ideas (and variations of them, including Calvinism) quickly spread throughout Europe. Counter-Reformation, the Roman Catholic efforts directed in the 16th–17th century against the Protestant Reformation and toward internal renewal. The difference between Protestant and Catholic art was further emphasized by the Council of Trent (1545-63), which initiated Catholic Counter-Reformation art, and in the process issued a new set of aesthetics for a more stringent style of painting and sculpture. The council of Trent (1545-1563) was a turning point in the history of Catholicism when dogma and disciplinary reforms were passed. Because the deliberations were hampered by time considerations, many questions were left unresolved at Trent, although the Council's decrees insisted on the value of religious art, a position that rejected the criticisms levied by some radical Protestant factions of the day that paintings and statues violated Old Testament prohibitions against "graven images." Under Pope Borghese (1605–21) and especially from the papacy of Pope Barberini (1623–44) the use of images as a tool of persuasion became increasingly important. Aside from the innovative styles of Italian … This designation for the great spiritual revival within the Church during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries was used by Leopold von Ranke and g…, The term "church" dates back to a Christian context in the third or fourth century after Christ to denote an "assembly of believers." Counter-Reformation and Baroque. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. By the 1590s, the cardinal had returned to Rome to take up administrative duties within the church. ." Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. When Luther refused, he was excommunicated (in other words, expelled from … Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). It was a revolution within the Church for the renewal of Catholic Christianity. The importance of art, as a means of communication and self-expression, but also as a means of expressing the values of a society undergoing changes is especially obvious in the time of the Reformation and Counter Reformation. Learn more about the history, key reformers, educational and missionary endeavors, and legacy of the Catholic Counter-Reformation. Catholic Art A very important meeting that started the movement of Counter-Reformation was the Council of Trent, which was summoned by Pope Paul III. Law and Gospel, Cranach the Elder, 1529. View Counter-Reformation art Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. A movement set off by the Catholic Church to curtail the spread of Protestantism that was threatening its power. Counter Reformation Baroque most prevalent art style between 1600 and 1750 art style: asymmetric composition, light and dark contrasts, bold suited for absolutism: used to glorify rulers connection to Counter Reformation much like absolutism, the Counter Reformation was mostly Andrea Pozzo, S.J. Counter-Reformation Countenances: Catholic Art and Attitude from Caravaggio to Rubens from life of any of them.5 Ignatius did not welcome being portrayed, though an early half-length thought to be of him while a student in Paris (formerly Collection of Joseph Weisberger, Madrid), if … Test. While the Council insisted that bishops had a duty to eliminate works whose message was unclear or indistinct, their decrees provided few guidelines for establishing acceptable religious art. Part I: Historical Developments Paleotti was never able to complete his theological work on painting and sculpture, but even in its incomplete form his treatise was to have a major impact in defining the religious art of the later sixteenth century. Examples of Counter-Reformation in the following topics: Mannerism and the Counter-Reformation. Learn. Lecture 10 REFORMATION AND REACTION AESTHETIC EXPERIENCE AND IDEAS 2. 3. This criticism turned into a large movement, and the Christian faith was split into two factions, i.e., Catholic and Protestant. See more ideas about counter reformation, art, protestant reformation. Choose your favorite counter-reformation photographs from millions of available designs. All counter reformation artwork ships within 48 hours and includes a 30-day money-back guarantee. The two movements are very closely related to each other; the latter is the direct cause of the former. Learn. Lisez des commentaires honnêtes et non biaisés sur les produits de la part nos utilisateurs. How do you get to heaven? Menu. Gravity. Choose your favorite counter-reformation designs and purchase them as wall art, home decor, phone cases, tote bags, and more! church officials came to commission a number of religious works from painters and sculptors. The Age of Correggio and the Carracci, Exhibit Catalogue for the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1986. The Reformation was a religious movement that divided the church between the Catholics and Protestants. It is from this time that an art of the Counter-Reformation can effectively be identified. Flashcards. Counter-Reformation. He was asked to recant (to disavow) his writings at the Diet of Worms (an unfortunate name for a council held by the Holy Roman Emperor in the German city of Worms). Grace_Vance3. The Council's purpose was to debate and to answer the attacks Protestants had made against the church and to reform abuses in church practices and administration. While having had to obey the rules imposed by the Catholic authorities at the Council of Trent, painters, sculptors and composers have managed to take art to new … The Large Passion - Last Supper, Durer,…. Rudolf Wittkower and Irma B. Jaffe, eds., Baroque Art: The Jesuit Contribution (New York: Fordham University Press, 1972). The Counter-Reformation. B. Tomaro (Washington, D.C.: Folger Shakespeare Library, 1988). The Church and the Inquisition, which was set up by the Church, made a detailed examination of the paintings. Mannerism in that period involved depiction of Christ and Mother Mary, plus an added sense of spirituality and an in-depth expression of Holy figures in the painting. In Italy and Spain, the Counter-Reformation had an immense impact on the visual arts; while in the North, the sound made by the nails driven through Luther’s manifesto continued to reverberate. The first objective of the council was to rectify the drawbacks of the church and then start the actual counter-movement. http://amazingdiscoveries.tv/media/608/938-the-jesuits-and-the-counter-reformation-part-1/ http://amazingdiscoveries.org/ Iconoclasm in the Netherlands in the Sixteenth Century. 1517 and after. All counter-reformation photographs ship within 48 hours and include a 30-day money-back guarantee. • Jesuits became the enforcers of the Counter-Reformation. The Holy Roman Catholic church and the Inquisition took measures to prevent and reverse the prevalent themes of paintings. Shop for counter reformation art from the world's greatest living artists. 1517 and after. We believe that the brilliant histories of art belong to everyone, no matter their background. Arts and Humanities Through the Eras. At the same time, a new fashion for propagandistic works became evident, as leaders of the Catholic Reformation came to commission works that celebrated the triumph of the church in a grand and monumental fashion. Reformation and Counter Reformation Art. The Counter Reformation's Impact on Art (1642-1709), a Jesuit coadjutor brother, was a tremendously multitalented artist. When the Protestant Reformation broke out in Western Europe, the Catholic Church got the message, at least a little bit. This council functioned from 1545 to 1563, and councilmen met periodically. There are several points where the differentiation line can be drawn even today, and in the days of the Reformation the difference was drastic. Fundamentally, Catholics followed the Holy Church and the teachings of the Pope, whereas the Protestants followed the Holy Bible. It was a revolution within the Church for the renewal of Catholic Christianity. Apart from that, the drawbacks of the Holy Roman Catholic Church were also resolved, and within a short span of a couple of decades, the Catholic church won over several of the reformed churches and regions in mainland Europe, though North European regions and Great Britain remained Protestant. In the times following the early 16th century, several artists painted incidents from the life of Jesus. Among the most prominent artists to study Paleotti's recommendations and to adopt them in their work were Annibale, Lodovico, and Agostino Carracci, key figures in expressing many of the design tenets that subsequently flourished during the early Baroque. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Counter Reformation and Art History. Introduction to the Protestant Reformation: The Counter-Reformation (Opens a modal) Introduction to the Protestant Reformation: Varieties of Protestantism (Opens a modal) Iconoclasm in the Netherlands in the Sixteenth Century (Opens a modal) Lucas Cranach and the Reformation. Match. Often, this period is credited to be a time where Mannerism was at its finest. ; The reforms that resulted from this council are what set the basis for Counter-Reformation art. Kingdoms were beginning to transition into nations, empires were expanding, new technologies and discoveries were being made, and two of the most contentious is… How Catholic Art Saved the Faith: The Triumph of Beauty and Truth in Counter-Reformation Art (English Edition) eBook: Lev, Elizabeth: Amazon.de: Kindle-Shop PLAY. Spanish art in the 16th century broke from the calm logic of the Italian Renaissance to emphasize a passionate, personal religious experience as part of the Counter-Reformation. videos + essays . This was one of the drivers of the Baroque style that emerged across Europe in the late sixteenth century. These decrees included short passages on religious images that had significant impact on the development of Catholic art during the Counter-Reformation. The Council's purpose was to debate and to answer the attacks Protestants had made against the church and to reform abuses in church practices and administration. "The Counter Reformation's Impact on Art Apply historical background, context, and art historical vocabulary to your descriptions and interpretation of works from these centuries. The Lutheranchurches, as they developed, accepted a limited role for larger works of art i… Counter-reformation forces will uphold papal authority and will ensure that, canonization and veneration of saints remains a cornerstone of celebratory ritual. The Reformation or the Protestant Reformation started with criticism of some incidences of corruption by some members of the clergy. Analyze and compare works of art related to the Counter-Reformation, identifying the characteristic features of each and the common symbols and subjects associated with them. this is the last in a series of four videos: There are 4 videos in this series: 1. Art and Spirituality in Counter-Reformation Rome offers an interdisciplinary study of the chapels, providing an interpretive reading of their artistic programs as an expression of their patrons' personal spirituality and of the larger institutional concerns of the papacy as it confronted the Protestant challenge. Borromeo argued that religious art should present its themes in a clear, readily intelligible way so that art might instruct viewers in Catholic teaching and encourage the faithful to repent. The stylistic changes evident in the visual arts at the beginning of the Baroque period can in part be traced to historical developments that occurred in the wake of the Council of Trent (1545–1563), the church council that was to define the character of Roman Catholicism and its teachings until modern times. Okay, maybe some context is in order. Home; Visiting; References; Counter-Reformation; Bernini; Cornaro Chapel; The Apse of St. Peter’s Basilica; Saints Andrew and Thomas ; Christ Mocked; The Rape of Proserpina; Apollo and Daphne; Browse: Home / Counter-Reformation. The Counter-Reformation was far more than a crusade to save the Church of Rome from Protestantism. 641 Words 3 Pages. Write. The works of the greatest of these artists came to express a new dramatic tension, a sense of movement, and realism that responded to the Catholic Reformation's demands for a clear and forceful art that might stir the hearts of the faithful. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Counter-Reformation started with the Council of Trent in 1545, and ended with the 30 Years War in 1648, lasting for more than a century. List of the Exhibitions | Home . …16th-century style is best called Counter-Reformation Realist. Weimar Altarpiece, Cranach the Elder, 1…. Jubilee years had long been celebrated in the church's history to mark the passage of every quarter century, but during the sixteenth century, the rise of Protestantism had discouraged such events. Through images the faithful would be confirmed and instructed in the articles of faith. Grace_Vance3. Cranach, Law and Gospel (Law and Grace) (Opens a modal) Practice. Flashcards. A very important meeting that started the movement of Counter-Reformation was the Council of Trent, which was summoned by Pope Paul III. The Counter-Reformation was far more than a crusade to save the Church of Rome from Protestantism. We're adding new content all the time! I mean, just look at this! The Council of Trent, which sat between 1545 and 1563, produced a series of extraordinarily influential decrees, dealing with every aspect of life affected by religion. Man, the 16th century must have been a crazy time. Counter-Reformation, the Roman Catholic efforts directed in the 16th–17th century against the Protestant Reformation and toward internal renewal. Law and Gospel, Cranach the Elder, 1529. The Reformation asked these and other good questions. Wittenberg Altarpiece, Cranach the Elde…. Does religious art lead to idolatry? Counter-Reformation art: | | | |Hans Holbein the Younger|'s |Noli me tangere| a relative... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. Does religious art lead to idolatry? A similar process took place in Florence, where a strong movement away from Mannerist conventions is seen in the paintings of Ludovico Cigoli, and in Milan, where the dominant artistic personalities were the painters Giovanni Crespi (known as Il Cerano) and Pier Francesco… All counter reformation kids t-shirts ship within 48 hours and include a 30-day money-back guarantee. Choose your favorite counter reformation kids t-shirts from thousands of available designs. . πατριαρχεíα, Lat. As the sixteenth century drew to a close, other artists came to study Borromeo's writings as well, and in this way, the circle of artistic innovators who were capable of expressing the new principles of Catholic reform broadened. E.C. PLAY. This was the time when Protestantism, through its definitive break with Roman Catholicism, arose to take its place on the Christian map. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. In addition the visual grandeur of the church is to be encouraged and generously financed. Arts and Humanities Through the Eras. videos + essays . The Spiritual Exercises of Saint Ignatius Loyola had very much shaped his own piety. Therefore, she suggested me focus on the lack of religious content in the artworks in order to study the influence of Protestant Reformation during her interview. We're adding new content all the time! In one chapter, he discussed the ways in which artists should treat sacred themes. 16 Oct. 2020 . The Catholic Reformation or Counter-Reformation in 16th century Musée protestant > The 16th century > The Catholic Reformation or Counter-Reformation in 16th century An unavoidable reform to fight against the development of Protestantism. Encyclopedia.com. In this way Rome was to shape the development of the early Baroque style in the visual arts in a way that was similar to the role that it was acquiring as Europe's major center of architectural design. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/culture-magazines/counter-reformations-impact-art. To mark a departure from the recent dismal past, Pope Clement VIII planned to make the Jubilee Year 1600 into a major occasion that might promote the renewal that was underway in the church. He was raised to the rank of a cardinal in 1565 and a year later was made bishop of Bologna. The 5th councilof Latran ended in 1517 but had come to nothing. The plan was not adopted, and Paleotti died several years later. Write. Iconoclasm in the Netherlands in the Sixteenth Century. Shop for counter-reformation art from the world's greatest living artists. Among these were the Dome of St. Peter's, the Jesuit's Church of Il Gesù, major renovations to the Church of St. John Lateran, as well as a number of public monuments and squares. The Reformation asked these and other good questions. In the years immediately following his death, though, some of Paleotti's prescriptions for a historically accurate and naturalistic art came to fruition in the works of artists at Rome. At Smarthistory we believe art has the power to transform lives and to build understanding across cultures. 13 terms. As the expectation for this event grew, many of Rome's religious institutions and You know what I mean? Art and Spirituality in Counter-Reformation Rome offers an interdisciplinary study of the chapels, providing an interpretive reading of their artistic programs as an expression of their patrons' personal spirituality and of the larger institutional concerns of the papacy as it confronted the Protestant challenge. https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/culture-magazines/counter-reformations-impact-art, "The Counter Reformation's Impact on Art The stylistic changes evident in the visual arts at the beginning of the Baroque period can in part be traced to historical developments that occurred in the wake of the Council of Trent (1545–1563), the church council that was to define the character of Roman Catholicism and its teachings until modern times. Choose your favorite counter-reformation designs and purchase them as wall art, home decor, phone cases, tote bags, and more! He was asked to recant (to disavow) his writings at the Diet of Worms (an unfortunate name for a council held by the Holy Roman Emperor in the German city of Worms). At the beginning of the 16 th Century, the Protestant … "The Counter Reformation's Impact on Art a system of fines for painters and sculptors who violated these guidelines. At Smarthistory we believe art has the power to transform lives and to build understanding across cultures. The Discover Baroque Art Virtual Exhibitions present the cultural environment of European baroque, putting the spotlight on less familiar highlights of Baroque art and architecture, alongside universally known masterpieces. Gravity. Spell. Created by. View Counter-Reformation art Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. STUDY. Borromeo, a major figure in many aspects of Catholic reform, published his treatise Instructions for Builders and Decorators of Churches, in 1577, and its 33 chapters considered such subjects as the proper church layout, design, and furnishings necessary for Christian worship. Counter Reformation and Art History. Shop for counter-reformation art from the world's greatest living artists. Yet during the 1580s and 1590s, Paleotti's generally humane and moderate proposals for artistic reform went unheeded in the larger Italian artistic world. Toward the end of the 1570s, he dedicated himself to writing a massive theological treatise on the correct uses of painting and sculpture within Catholicism. Pressure to restrain religious imagery affected art from the 1530s and influenced several decrees from the final session of the Council of Trent in 1563. . (Rome: Edizioni di storia e letteratura, 1959–1967). ." In the years that followed, the subject of religious art came to be debated vigorously throughout Italy, largely through the efforts of two Italian bishops: Charles Borromeo (1538–1584) of Milan and Gabrielle Paleotti (1522–1597) of Bologna. see also Religion: Catholic Culture in the Age of the Baroque. Test. For example, Paolo Veronese was ordered to change. The genius of Baroque art was Gianlorenzo Bernini, a sculptor whose work dominated the period called the `High Baroque' (1625-75). Among the contemporary artists Borromeo admired were Jacopo Bassano, Antonio Campi, and the great Venetian Titian, and his private collection of images included several works by these masters. The difference between Protestant and Catholic art was further emphasized by the Council of Trent (1545-63), which initiated Catholic Counter-Reformation art, and in the process issued a new set of aesthetics for a more stringent style of painting and sculpture. Counter Reformation Baroque most prevalent art style between 1600 and 1750 art style: asymmetric composition, light and dark contrasts, bold suited for absolutism: used to glorify rulers connection to Counter Reformation much like absolutism, the Counter Reformation was mostly 17th century by the Counter-Reformation (1600-1715) —the Counter-Reformation reestablished discipline of the church and an attempt to do so with art. . Reformation and Counter-Reformation. Cranach, Law and Gospel . • Council of Trent: dealt with transubstantiation, purgatory, apostolic succession, celibacy, etc. What is Roman Catholic Counter-Reformation Art? By contrast, the fathers at Trent reiterated the Catholic Church's long-standing support for religious art. 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