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desmodium grass in kenya

Desmodium also offers a good cover to the soil that leads to improved soil moisture content and organic matter, and reduced weeds. Types: Seeds 16. grass 30. Bana grass is a particular variety of Pennisetum. Napier grass is a fodder grass that produces a lot of high-protein forage. Its scientific name is Pennisetum purpureum. In integrated crop–livestock systems, lack of quality feed and low dry matter intake are major constraints (Omore et … The legume is sensitive to shading therefore grows well with short grasses especially Kikuyu grass. December 2012. Intercropping with Desmodium. Desmodium can be grown as a pure stand or as a mixture with Napier grass in cut-and-carry plots. The agronomic characteristics result indicated that all ecotypes tested recorded higher PH than other Brachiaria grass cultivars (Llanero, MG4, Marandu, Piata, Mulato II, Basilisk and Xaraes) in Kenya dry lands as reported by Nguku et al. The name brachiaria grass is very confusing. An attractant trap plant, for instance Napier grass, is planted around the border of this intercrop, with the purpose of attracting and trapping the pests. Some of this seed is exported to Kenya every year. miriko (bsc. To establish a mixed stand of Desmodium and Napier grass; First establish Desmodium in a clean seed bed. At planting DAP can be used at a rate of 1 bag per acre. In the Desmodium intercropping systems, Striga counts were reduced by 95% in Busia and by 65–90% in Siaya with higher reductions when Desmodium was cut at 18 weeks after planting. groups, Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO) and Agricultural Training Center (ATC). Ways of promoting integration of herbaceous forage legumes into a napier grass fodder system were evaluated with the aim of increasing forage quantity and quality on smallholder dairy farms in central Kenya. Some of the more common deficiencies are copper, cobalt and selenium deficiencies, but also nitrogen, phosphorous and potassion deficiencies are common. Preparation: Desmodium seed is relatively expensive, very small and the seedlings can be swamped by weeds, so it is best sown in a weed-free, well prepared nursery seedbed with fine textured soil. The technology involves intercropping cereals with a repellent plant such as the African native desmodium and planting an attractive trap plant, for instance Napier grass, as a border crop around this intercrop. It is also known as “elephant grass”, “Sudan grass” or “king grass”. Nairobi, Kenya and John A. Pickett Rothamsted Research Harpenden, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom The ‘push-pull’ strategy, a novel tool for integrated pest management programs, uses a combination of behavior-modifying stimuli to manipulate the distribution and abundance of insect pests and/or natural enemies. There is no need for inoculation. We evaluated farmers’ perceptions of the pests, PPT attributes and factors influencing the likelihood of its adoption in 15 districts in western Kenya. 3 Intercropping • Napier grass can be intercropped with forage legumes in both methods of planting. It is established by seeds but in Kenya they establish themselves freely. silverleaf desmodium (push), and planting an attractive trap crop, Napier grass (pull), around the intercrop. Muia Proefschrift ter verkrijging van de graad van doctor op gezag van de rector magnificus van Wageningen Universiteit dr. CM. Its amazing growth power makes it suitable for many purposes, from tall grass hedge to fuel and fodder. Nairobi (Kenya) developed the push-pull technology, an innovative integrated approach to ecologically control pests and weeds of cereal crops, without using chemicals. Description: • Shape- Round • Head Size – 3-4Kg • Red Color, medium-sized • Plant Spacing (cm) 60x60 • Seed rate/acre(Kgs) 0.12 • Maturity – 65-70 Days However, height may not be an important estimate on the expected biomass yield, as it has been clearly demonstrated that the shorter Eth. VIP TOP+ 5. Napier grass was fed ad libitum while Desmodium was wilted and fed at 10kg/cow/day. … Thailand, Mexico and Brazil. To establish a mixed stand of Desmodium and Napier grass; First establish Desmodium in a clean seed bed. Kenya Natural History Guide >>> Plants >>> Fabaceae >>> Desmodium uncinatum. The herbaceous legumes Desmodium intortum cGreenleaf (ILRI 104), Macrotyloma axillare cAxillare (ILRI 6756 and Neonotonia wightit cTSnaroo (ILRI 9794 were intercropped Many areas in Kenya show symptoms of deficiencies in the grass fields. In addition, desmodium stimulates the germination of striga and then inhibits its growth. Napier Grass (Pennisetum purpureum) commonly referred to as elephant grass is popular fodder crop for small scale dairy farmers in the high and medium potential dairy production areas of Kenya under the cut & carry system of production. Silver-leaf Desmodium Spanish Clover Desmodium uncinatum Observed in an agricultural area near Kitale, Kenya. FLOWERS: Small, delicate pink flowers are typical pea-flowers. Napier grass is best suited to high rainfall areas, but it is drought-tolerant and can also grow well in … Silverleaf desmodium can be sown in pure stands or in mixed pasture with grasses or other legumes ().It does well with other legumes such as greenleaf desmodium (Desmodium intortum) and siratro (Macroptilium atropurpureum), and with cold tolerant grasses such as the giant setaria (Setaria sphacelata var. 1 kg of Desmodium seed is needed to plant one acre. Use of napier grass to improve smallholder milk production in Kenya John M.K. . • When intercropping under the conventional method, make furrows along the Napier grass lines or in betwe en rows and drill desmodium seed at a seed rate of effect of phosphorous and rhizobia inoculation on growth and yield of desmodium and lucerne in kiambu county, kenya mutuerandu .c. The recommended spacing for establishing Desmodium is the recommended spacing of Napier grass. Results showed increase in forage quantity across the various cutting times and treatments used. Indeed napier grass is the livestock ugali. Flowering – July to October Army worms are a problem in this area and I have read that the “Push-Pull” method using desmodium and napier grass has been successful in Tanzania as well as Kenya and Uganda. This method indicates that napier grass should be fed to dairy cows at 55-60 cm (7-8 wk) and 130-140 cm (9-10 wk) in the medium and high rainfall areas in Kenya, respectively. As a result, the food crop is left protected from the pests. At planting Desmodium is mixed with an inoculant. Approximately 80% of the dairy animals in Kenya are kept in this system (ILCA, 1979). The technology has been reported to effectively control stemborers, striga weed, and fall armyworm (FAW), and to improve soil nutrition, resulting in increased grain yield. Bracharia Grass ... Sudan grass, desmodium, Lucerne and kikuyu grass. In Kenya, the International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (icipe) ... Napier grass and Desmodium are nutritious fodder/forage crops. Show all. Both Desmodium and Napier grass are perennial crops that provide year-round soil cover, which helps retain soil moisture, improves soil structure, prevents erosion, and makes the agro-ecosystem more resilient to drought. Tagged: desmodium, maize, napier grass, pest control, Push-pull, stemborer moth, striga, Sudan grass, yield. Desmodium is a legume that successfully grows together with Napier grass. As a vet, I will focus on it because it is a land mark that you can never miss in any livestock farm, just like ugali in any Kenyan home. Desmodium and Brachiaria grass are high quality animal fodder plants. Church members here are interested in trying the “Push-Pull” system but they are not familiar with desmodium. Is a legume that successfully grows together with Napier grass, pest control, Push-Pull, moth... Is a legume that successfully grows together with Napier grass was fed ad libitum while Desmodium was wilted and at! Produces a lot of high-protein forage interested in trying the “ Push-Pull ” system but they not! • Napier grass can be used at a rate of 1 bag acre. Growth power makes it suitable for many purposes, from tall grass hedge to fuel fodder... Establishing Desmodium is a fodder grass that produces a lot of high-protein forage Desmodium ( push ) around! Full sun Foliage – deciduous in cold weather grass to improve smallholder milk production in,... 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