TripSavvy / Hilary Allison Fascinating Facts . However, if you can overcome this, the Guajira Desert is sure to impress with the endless picturesque views. With the discovery of sodium nitrate deposits and as a result of unclear borders, the area soon became a zone of conflict and resulted in the War of the Pacific.  Construction work at the ELT site started in June 2014.. The Guajira Desert along the Colombian coast offers impressive dunes, salt flats, and beaches. The Great Basin Desert is a cold desert caused by the rain shadow effect from the Sierra Nevada to the west. The Patagonian desert, shared by Chile and Argentina, is the largest desert in Latin America with 670,000 square kilometers (260,000 sq mi). With dunes that exceed 30 meters high, this desert has become a … Answer this question. South American fur seals and South American sea lions often gather along the coast. Sign up to receive our newsletter for great articles, and special deals. ) , The Atacama Desert is rich in metallic mineral resources such as copper, gold, silver and iron, as well as nonmetallic minerals including important deposits of boron, lithium, sodium nitrate, and potassium salts. South America: The Salvador Dalí Desert is a barren valley west of the Andes in southwestern Bolivia.  The presence of evaporite formations suggest that in some sections of the Atacama Desert, arid conditions have persisted for the last 200 million years (since the Triassic). Visitors can easily combine a Paracas and Nazca tour with other Peruvian destinations. Source: Flickr 8. She loves trying new foods, learning about history, and chasing waterfalls. It is the southern portion of the landmass generally referred to as the New World, the Western Hemisphere, or simply the Americas. There is a continuous desert along South America’s Pacific coast. These rivers were a key for the success of ancient desert cultures, like the Moche and Sican. In the heart of. 90% of people in South America identify as Christians. This vast area of land has a wind-swept, barren look, similar to the backgrounds of many of his paintings, including his most well known painting, The Persistence of Memory, for example. Rain forest, desert, and savanna are all found in the region.  One species, Liolaemus fabiani, is endemic to the Salar de Atacama, the Atacama salt flat.. Patagonian Desert, Argentina and Chile, Argentina and Chile’s Patagonian Desert is the. Wheeler Peak is the highest point in Nevada’s Great Basin Desert. While there is little consensus on the name for the area between the Sechura and Atacama Deserts, it is nonetheless spectacular. – and mostly in the form of snow. An observatory in the desert is open to the public close to most hotels in the area. Photo by Robin Noguier on Unsplash. recent questions recent answers. Argentina and Chile’s Patagonian Desert is the largest desert in South America and eighth largest in the world. This otherworldly Bolivian landscape is speckled with flamingos and colorful lagoons like the red Laguna Colorada and the jade green Laguna Verde. This desert stretches from the Sechura Desert in Northern Peru to the Atacama Desert in Chile. Most deserts are quite barren, as the dry living conditions are too hostile to host plant and animal life. Chile annexed most of the desert, and cities along the coast developed into international ports, hosting many Chilean workers who migrated there.. The Sonoran Desert is a desert located in the Southwestern United States and northwest Mexico.  In interior areas, oases and some valleys have been populated for millennia and were the location of the most advanced pre-Columbian societies found in Chile. Photo by Regina Calvo on Unsplash. Iguanians and lava lizards inhabit parts of the desert, while salt flat lizards, Liolaemus, live in the dry areas bordering the ocean. Among the smallest deserts in South America, this is the largest desert in Uruguay. Rank Name Type Image Area ... South America (Argentina and Chile) 8: Syrian Desert: Subtropical: 520,000: 200,000: Western Asia … This otherworldly Bolivian landscape is speckled with flamingos and colorful lagoons like the red Laguna Colorada and the jade green Laguna Verde. To start planning a South American desert adventure, contact one of our Travel Advisors who can customize a travel package that’s right for you. km. Download this stock image: The beautiful and largest desert in South America - 2BW2G2F from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Periods up to four years have been registered with no rainfall in the central sector, delimited by the cities of Antofagasta, Calama, and Copiapó, in Chile. 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