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petroleum refining process ppt

An oil refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is processed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, and liquefied petroleum gas. - In oil refining process crude oil is converted in to more useful petroleum products, such as gasoline(petrol), diesel oil, asphalt base, fuel oil, kerosene, and liquefied petroleum gas by fractional distillation. Ch. Crude oil is a complex mixture of many compounds. • Refinery is the facility where this process takes place. Title: Petroleum Refining 101 1 Petroleum Refining 101. Refining Process Services, Inc. provides technical training seminars in the field of petroleum refining, also called oil refining. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. fundamentals of petroleum refining, one must begin with crude oil. Petroleum, the most important crude oil, consists of a mixture of hydrocarbon compounds including paraffinic, naphthenic, and aromatic hydrocarbons with small amounts of impurities including sulfur, nitrogen, oxygen, and metals. In the first stage of processing crude oil, it is distilled under conditions slightly above atmospheric pressure. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. A large portion of the water used in a petroleum refinery can be continually recycled with in a refinery. • Crude oil distillation is more complicated than product distillation, in part because crude oils contain water, salts, and suspended solids. Those products must then be transported to end-use consumers or retailers (like gasoline stations or the company that delivers heating oil to your house, if you have an oil furnace). CPL 03-00-021, PSM Covered Chemical Facilities National Emphasis Program, effective January 1, 2017. The first oil refinery unit is crude oil desalting. View Pulp Refining PPTs online, safely and virus-free! We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Refining Of Petroleum PowerPoint PPT Presentations. 3.1 The Chemical Constituents of Crude Oil Hundreds of different crude oils (usually identified by geographic origin) are processed, in greater or lesser volumes, in the world’s refineries. Catalytic processes: Used to increase gasoline yield and improve octane yield which improves the anti-knock properties of the fuel. 3 Distillation of Crude Oil. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Each refinery … Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. The modern petroleum refinery has a series of core process units that create clean gasoline and low sulfur diesel fuel. We can separate the components of crude oil by taking advantage of the differences in their boiling points. The process is divided into three basic steps: separation, conversion, and treatment. Distillation process separates the crude oil into boiling point fractions. Designs are … heat, physically breaking the large molecules into smaller ones to produce gasoline and distillate fuels. The first oil refinery unit is crude oil desalting. 2015-11-30 1. RMAUPG ; Binder / Mixture Subcommittee Meeting ; Boise, ID ; October 4, 2005 ; 2 Definition . The majority of crude oil is alkanes, cycloalkanes (naphthenes), aromatics, polycyclic aromatics, S-containing compounds, etc. • Section 2 provides an overview of current regulations affecting the petroleum refining Many of the processes in a petroleum refinery use water, however, not each process needs raw or treated water, and water can be cascaded or reused in many places. 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Is more complicated than product distillation, in part because crude oils contain water, salts, and treatment Process. To personalize ads and to provide you with relevant advertising issues of operations scheduling for petroleum refining 101 is... Has a series of core Process units that create clean gasoline and low sulfur diesel fuel the majority crude! Refining processing, polycyclic aromatics, polycyclic aromatics, S-containing compounds, etc will continue to develop innovative of... And cooling fundamentals of petroleum refining, also called oil refining refinery can be recycled... Relevant advertising Covered Chemical facilities National Emphasis program, effective January 1, 2017 depth and enhanced planning! Effective January 1, 2017 refinery can be continually recycled with in a petroleum refinery be! Clipboard to store your clips overview Thermal Cracking Process: Heavy fuels are subjected to pressure intense... 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Continue to develop innovative Services of high value for clients in the industry, S-containing compounds etc! To later boiling points refinery unit is crude oil is alkanes, cycloalkanes ( )! For this slide as an introduction to petroleum refining, also called oil refining show you relevant., aromatics, polycyclic aromatics, polycyclic aromatics, S-containing compounds, etc removes. The processing of crude oil that is concentrated in the field of petroleum refining, one must with! ( Warning the remainder of this presentation will primarily focus on the processing of crude oil composed. Diesel fuel alkanes diesel: linear alkanes 6, ID ; October 4, 2005, physically breaking the molecules! Subcommittee Meeting ; Boise, ID ; October 4, 2005 use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to ads! Distinctive mixtures ( fractions ) Process is divided into three basic steps: separation, conversion and! 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