Peru. It has a central town square and an active market. Urban development of previously rural areas incorporated subsistence farming into the urban way of life. The wet season lasts from December to March and is marked by the presence of clouds in the afternoon and low rainfall. This time, the initiative did not succeed due to the high opposition, but later concluded that Arequipa would host the then "Constitutional Court", as stated in Article 304 º of the Constitution of Peru, 1979: "The Constitutional Court is based in the city of Arequipa ". Provincial Municipality of Arequipa. There, several bus companies offer land travel routes to regional and national destinations within Peru and to international destinations such as La Paz, Santiago de Chile, Mendoza and Buenos Aires. The city anthem is Fourth Centenary Anthem. The Constitutional Court is the highest authority regarding control and interpretation of the Constitution. This page shows the elevation/altitude information of Arequipa, Peru, including elevation map, topographic map, narometric pressure, longitude and latitude. , The metropolitan area of Arequipa consists of 19 districts, with a total area of 305,798 acres (123,752 hectares) of which 10,142 acres (4,104 ha) are distinctly urban.. Residential zones also developed in peripheral suburbs, causing the main function of the city center to be a tourist and business district. As the capital of the Arequipa Province, Arequipa is governed by the Provincial Municipality of Arequipa that has jurisdiction over the entire territory of the province. Provincial Municipality of Arequipa. , Urban expansion occurred at the expense of the countryside, and this phenomenon has accelerated in recent decades.  Among the first public works carried out in the city are the Main Church, the City Hall, the bridge on the Chili River and the monastery of Nuestra Señora de Gracia. Businessman Jack Dwyre conducted the broadcast through his new company Televisora Sur Peruana in partnership with San Agustin National University as Channel 2 (now TV UNSA).  Terraces used for crop irrigation were built on both sides of the Chili River valley. Arequipa lies at more than 7,550 feet (2,300 metres) above sea level, at the foot of the dormant cone of Misti Volcano, which reaches an elevation of 19,098 feet (5,821 metres). ; while typical desserts are: queso helado (ice cream made of milk, cinnamon and coconut), buñuelos, dulces de convento and chocolates. Nightlife 12. Cerro Verde Financial Reports, p. 4. Location: Southern Peru; about 630 miles (1,015 kilometers) south of Lima; Elevation: about 7,600 feet (2316 meters) Attractions nearby: Colca Canyon, Cotahuasi Canyon, El Misti Volcano; Recommended time to acclimatize: 1 day . , Large-scale mining also contributes to the city's economy; as is the case of Cerro Verde, a mining site established in 1993 near the Arequipa valley. , A series of volcanic cones dominates the city skyline -- Misti and the extinct volcanic groups Pichu Pichu and Chachani. Flanking Misti are Mounts Chachani and Pichupichu. "Diagnosis of the historic center of Arequipa", p. 6. harv error: no target: CITEREFInstituto_Nacional_de_Estadistica1944 (. Chivay is a town in the Colca valley, capital of the Caylloma province in the Arequipa region, Peru. «Export Investment Guide», p. 17, Provincial Municipality of Arequipa. Arequipa has earned the sobriquet Ciudad Blanca (âWhite Cityâ) because sillar, a local white volcanic stone, is used in many of its buildings. Over time, some religious institutions would occupy an entire block as did the Convent of Santa Catalina and the San Francisco Monastery. The Goyeneche Hospital was built between 1905 and 1910. Provincial Municipality of Arequipa. How long we should stay here to adapt and be best prepared for higher elevation in Cuzco? Some of the most detailed photographic records of 19th- and 20th-century Peru are found in the works of the Vargas Brothers Art Studio. Other avenues such as: Avenida Cayma, Avenida Goyeneche, and Avenida Dolores link the suburbs and nearby districts with downtown Arequipa. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 48°F to 73°F and is rarely below 44°F or above 76°F.. Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Arequipa for warm-weather activities is from early April to early December. On 23 September of the same year, Father Victor M. Barriga also published an important document in the Catholic newspaper El Deber that contains a description of the royal standard of Arequipa found in the "Act of 3 September 1789".. National Environmental Council. " Culture in Arequipa is marked by the regionalism of its inhabitants; in fact, unlike other regional sentiments within Peru, Arequipa's regionalism was connected to the fight against centralism. As Peruvian historian Jorge Basadre argued, "Arequipa is a gun pointed at the heart of Lima", alluding to the rivalry between the two cities.. You have to go over a 16,000 foot pass from Arequipa to Colca so with only one day at 7000 feet, you'll pretty likely feel bad on the bus trip. The coastal region has moderate temperatures, low precipitation, and high humidity, except for … Other key locations around the nation of Peru include the city of Arequipa, which has an elevation of 7,661 feet (2,335 m), and the city of Trujillo, which is located at an elevation of just 112 feet (34 m).  On 2 September 1940, Francisco Mostajo sent a letter to the Mayor of the City to explain his views regarding the color of the Banner of Arequipa, basing his claims on the 'Act of the Oath of King Carlos III " of 11 August 1788. Arequipa,Peru Elevation Map is displayed at different zoom levels. Since then, the song has been sung at all important civic events held in the city. Machu Picchu History 11. Mountain breezes typically flow northeast, and valley breezes typically flow southwest. , Another possible origin of the city's name comes from the Aymara phrase "qhipaya ari" or "Ari qipa" (from 'ari': acute, sharp or pointed; and 'qhipaya': behind), which translates to "behind the peak," referring to the nearby volcano, Misti. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription.  Thus, Arequipa not only became the birthplace of notable political figures but also the site of key political movements that helped defend the legal and economic stability of the city; thus elevating Arequipa to a status second only to its rival city and the capital, Lima. , Among the newspapers that are printed in the city, El Pueblo is the oldest in Arequipa (published since 1 January 1905) and the second oldest in the country. , Arequipa's strategic location at the crossroads of the colonial silver trade route and that of the post-independence wool trade route allowed the city to emerge as an administrative, commercial, and industrial hub. , Cultural events and activities are mostly organized by the main universities of the city: San Agustin National University and Santa Maria Catholic University, and also by cultural organizations such as the Alliance Française, the Peruvian Center for German Culture and the Peruvian North American Cultural Center.  Since the 1990s banking institutions showed great interest in promoting and managing cultural activities; while private companies joined this movement by sponsoring various projects. , Its historical center extends over an area of 332 hectares and has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The risk of altitude sickness increases as you go higher. Shantytowns appeared in the districts of Miraflores, Barrio Obrero, and Jacinto Ibanez. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The first private university established in the city was Universidad Catolica Santa Maria, and the establishment of this university was followed by Universidad Católica San Pablo and Universidad San Francisco. The thermal baths of Yura, 30 kilometres (19 miles). In the twentieth century, Mario Vargas Llosa is the most recognized of the Arequipan writers in Peru and abroad, winner of Nobel Prize in Literature in 2010, author of novels like The Green House (1966), Aunt Julia and the Scriptwriter (1977), among others. to Lima) – can you try to go to Cuzo again and you will be better? , Historians debate the origin of the crimson flag of the city.  In the following years, the city was the site of uprisings and successive military coups, which ended with the victory of forces led by Miguel de San Román against the army of Manuel Ignacio de Vivanco in the Battle of Paucarpata on 29 June 1857. Flanking Misti are Mounts Chachani and Pichupichu. This tool allows you to look up elevation data by searching address or clicking on a live google map. Since the last years of the Spanish colonial period, there were important academic composers like Mariano Melgar (who was best known as a poet), Pedro Jiménez Tirado April and Florentino Diaz, all of them placing Arequipa as one of the Peruvian cities with a renowned musical scene. Lyrics and music were composed by Emilio Pardo Valle and Aurelio Diaz Espinoza, who won a 1939 contest which the city council organize to dedicate a new anthem.  Orbegoso then sought support from Bolivian president Andrés de Santa Cruz against the claims of Salaverry. Then came the ashlar as prime structural solution..  Some educational institutions, such as the National University of San Agustin, moved out of the city center to more spacious land lots in peripheral areas to accommodate their growing facilities. Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of twin towns and sister cities in Peru, INEI (Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática) 2017, "Historical Center of the City of Arequipa", Final Normative Compendium of the Historic Center of Arequipa, "Endesa ilumina la iglesia barroca de la Compañía", Decree assuming command of the Republic General Felipe Santiago Salaverry, 25 February 1835, "Railroads in Peru: How Important Were They? Provincial Municipality of Arequipa. , The city's population increased from 80,000 in 1940 to 158,000 in 1961.  In 1908, the first telegraph system in the Arequipa region connected Mollendo, Arequipa and Vitor. On 22 September 1541, the monarch Carlos V ordered that it should be called the "City of Arequipa". 4.If you go to high elevation (e.g. The fertile soils of the surrounding district produce a variety of crops, notably corn (maize), asparagus, leeks, hot peppers (rocotos), and potatoes. Take the same precautions as you would in Cusco – stay hydrated, avoid heavy meals or alcohol on your first days at … Machu Picchu Hotels 9. The historic city centre, which was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2000, was damaged by a powerful earthquake the following year. "Diagnosis of the historic center of Arequipa", p. 12. Pop. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Arequipa-Peru, UNESCO World Heritage Centre - Historical Centre of the City of Arequipa, Peru, Arequipa - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Open from 1912 to 1958, the studio captured more diversity of Peruvian culture than any other photography studio at the time. A distinctive feature of this dialect is the "voseo", that is, the use in Spanish language of the pronoun 'vos' to replace the use of 'tú' or 'usted' (all corresponding to the English 'you'). Among the cityâs educational centres are the National University of San AgustÃn (1828) and the Catholic University of Santa MarÃa (1961).  Population growth accelerated from 1.1% growth between 1876 and 1917 to 3.3% growth between 1940 and 1960. National Institute of Neoplasic Diseases (INEN): This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 20:24. ", According to a government survey, Arequipa has the largest "workforce" in Peru with 625,547 people, and an economically active population (PEA) which amounts to 376,764 people having an employment rate similar to the national average with an average monthly income of 928 soles. Provincial Municipality of Arequipa. "Diagnosis of the historic center of Arequipa", p. 14. , Association football (or soccer) is the most popular sport in Arequipa, with a popular local team being FBC Melgar of the Peruvian First Division, winning its first national championship in 1981.. National Assembly of Rectors. The cityâs supply of drinking water comes largely from glacier-fed reservoirs and aqueducts. Place known for its taverns and where there is a beautiful seventeenth-century church. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Is part of Parque Selva Alegre and occupies an area of 67 hectares, Chilina Valley countryside.  In 1805, the Spanish Monarchy gave the city the title of Faithful by Royal Charter. Later, pre-Inca cultures domesticated llamas and became sedentary with the rise of agriculture. It has also been the cradle of notable intellectual, political and religious figures. Other writers of the 20th century were the poets Percy Gibson, Cesar Rodriguez Atahualpa, and Oswaldo Reynoso. The average relative humidity is 46%, with an average high of 70% in the summer season and a minimum average of 27% during autumn, winter and spring, according to data from the Goyeneche Hospital weather station.  Around this time, Arequipa gained prominence as a center of business and trade, focused in agricultural products and the production of wool, sometimes through exploitation of peasants. and the Municipal Theatre, the Goyeneche Hospital and the Hospital of Priests of St. Peter, bridges Bolognesi and Grau, the Instituto Chavez de la Rosa, Railway Station, Mercado San Camilo and the convento de Santa Catalina. "Analysis of the state and of the determinants of health", p. 19. The city has a Nominal GDP of 9,445 million (USD) and a nominal GDP per capita of US$10,277, which represents a GDP per capita PPP of US$18,610 in the period 2015, being the city with the second-highest economic activity in Peru. San Juan de Siguas, Arequipa, Perú on the Elevation Map. " At the time of its foundation, Arequipa already had a city council because Carbajal also led relocation efforts for an existing coastal city named Villa Hermosa de Camana. During the Spanish colonial period, only the works of Lorenzo de Llamosas survived. During the viceregal period, it acquired importance for its outstanding economic role, and is characterized by the fidelismo towards the Spanish Crown, which honored Arequipa with titles such as "Very Noble and Very Loyal.  Most known for their nocturnals and portrait photography of women, their photographic archive, which is privately held by descendants of the studio's founders and brothers Carlos and Miguel Vargas, have been restored and digitized. Below is the Elevation map of Arequipa,Peru, which displays range of elevation with different colours. Huaroma, Santa Cruz, Huaylas Elevation on Map - 3.38 km/2.1 mi - Huaroma on map Elevation : 3165 meters / 10383.86 feet Arequipa, Santa Cruz, Huaylas, Perú X Four days later, with support from city authorities, Chilean troops occupied Arequipa until August 1884.. Both sides of the Andes feature thick, extensive layers of volcanic.... 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