An English fleet invades and captures Jamaica in 1655. The three Acadian cultural centers of Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve share the stories and customs of the Acadians who came to Louisiana and became the Cajuns, people proud of their French roots who adapted to a new land and a â¦ Caribbean has had a long history of slavery. After six months on Martinique, d'Esnambuc returned to St. Christopher, where he soon died prematurely in 1636. Pierre Belain d'Esnambuc was a French trader and adventurer in the Caribbean, who established the first permanent French colony, Saint-Pierre, on the island of Martinique in 1635. The English settled St Kitts in 1624, Barbados, Montserrat and Antigua in 1627 and Nevis in 1628. France had a colony for several years, they imported slaves from West Africa, Martinique and Guadeloupe to work on its plantations. In this period, the Antillean Creole language developed. Belain sailed to the Caribbean in 1625, hoping to establish a French settlement on the island of St. Christopher (St. Kitts). The term French West Indies or French Antilles (French: Antilles françaises) refers to the eight territories currently under French sovereignty in the Antilles islands of the Caribbean: Due to its proximity, French Guiana is often associated with the French West Indies. Several of the Caribbean islands actually had a population but still slave labor was required for manufacturing sugar which was the islandâs main trade. This exodus was also encouraged by the French Revolution. Carnivals And Parades Are Serious Business. The people who migrated to the New World came from the Atlantic coast north of Bordeaux and the northwest region of France. However, if you mean where did the ancestors of Caribbean people come from, well they came â¦ As a result, Trinidad rapidly became known as one of the most cultured societies in the West Indies. The Spanish and English (and French â¦  The Francophone Caribbean is a part of the wider French America, which includes all the French-speaking countries in the Americas. Later, the governors of Caribbean islands such as Jamaica paid the buccaneers to attack Spanish treasure ships and ports. With the French came a number of other groups that would blend their culture with the native locals and the settling French citizens. Bousillage, a mixture of Spanish moss and mud, was the Louisiana version of traditional building methods used in Acadie and in France. Despite the long history of British rule, Grenada's French heritage is still evidenced by the number of French loanwords in Grenadian Creole, French-style buildings, cuisine and places name (For ex. The Spanish gave many incentives to lure settlers to the island, including exemption from taxes for ten years and land grants in accordance to the terms set out in the Cedula. France, for example, negotiated with Britain leading to Act XLVI of 1860, whereby large numbers of Indian indentured labourers were brought for harsh sugarcane plantation work in French colonies in the Caribbean region. Many of these offspring eventually settled in the southern part of Trinidad. By the late 1640s, in France Mazarin had little interest in colonial affairs, and the company languished. The effect on Trinidad was drastic and immediate. They dressed formally for dinner, and strict manners were observed. The resulting offspring were sometimes legitimized and educated abroad by their fathers. The islands have been fought over and owned by various European powersmainly the British, French, and Spanish. In the hundred years after Columbus's landing, Dominica remained isolated. At the end of the Seven Yearsâ War in 1763, French colonial possessions in the Americas were largely confined to the Caribbean Basin, a region where interactions between people of indigenous, European, and African descent brought about innovations in everything from architecture to foodways. Fifty years later there were 18,680 coffee trees in Martinique, and coffee cultivation was established in Haiti, Mexico, and most of the islands of the Caribbean. In Trinidad, the occupying Spanish had contributed little towards advancements, despite the island's ideal location. They were called the "new" colonists, to distinguish them from the older Spanish people. Between 1595 and 1620, the English, French, and Dutch made many unsuccessful attempts to settle along the Guiana coastlands of South America. What had been an underdeveloped and backwater settlement, became a significant colony in the West Indies. Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy, formerly attached to the department of Guadeloupe, have held separate status as overseas collectivities since 2007. Trinidad's population jumped from just under 1,400 in 1777, to over 15,000 by the end of 1789. The most important Caribbean colonial possession did not come until 1664, when the colony of Saint-Domingue (today's Haiti) was founded on the western half of the Spanish island of Hispaniola. The French permanently settled on Martinique and Guadeloupe after being driven off Saint Kitts and Nevis (Saint-Christophe in French) by the British. On the 24th of November, 1783, the King of Spain signed The Royal Cedula of Population. In 1651 it dissolved itself, selling its exploitation rights to various parties. Richelieu became a shareholder in the Compagnie de Saint-Christophe, created to accomplish thiâ¦ The term's more ambiguous than the term "French West Indies", which refers specifically to the islands that are French overseas departments, which means they have overall the same laws and regulations as departments on the mainland of France. At the time it was inhabited by the Island Caribs, or Kalinago people, and over time more settled there after being driven from surrounding islands, as European powers entered the region. Afterwards, even more French migrants came to settle on the island, many of whom were Huguenots coming to escape persecution of their protestant religious beliefs on mainland Roman Catholic France. His nephew, Jacques Dyel du Parquet, inherited d'Esnambuc's authority over the French settlements in the Caribbean, in 1637 becoming governor of Martinique. As a result, Dominicans speak English as an official language while Antillean creole is spoken as a secondary language and is well maintained due to its location between the French-speaking departments of Guadeloupe and Martinique. However, these servants did not arrive in large numbers. The Knights of Malta bought Saint Barthélemy and Saint Martin, which were made dependencies of Guadeloupe. Collectivities can be included too. When the Spanish (in the form of Columbus's expedition) came to the Caribbean in the late 15th century, they were coming for "gold, God, and glory." 19thâ20th centuries The French Caribbean (or Francophone Caribbean) includes all the French-speaking countries in the region. By 1797, the population had swelled to 18,627. Traditional island cuisine results from a melange of cultural influences. He explored the Caribbean in 1601 and the coast of New England in 1603 before traveling farther north. The company was not particularly successful and Richelieu had it reorganized as the Compagnie des Îles de l'Amérique. ). (The information on this page was obtained primarily from The Book of Trinidad, edited by Gérard A. Besson, and Bridget M. Brereton. What did the Dutch, English and French do in the mid-17th century? It is not used much in France, unless the speaker wants to refer to every French dependency in the Caribbean region. By 1688, the monarchy had transported over 1,000 Huguenots to Martinique after they refused to â¦ Post World War II trends much of the change that came about did not flow fr om ... colonies more than made up for the fall in French and Dutch exports, ... saying its basic point that the Caribbean economy had come to count. Among some of them, a French-based creole language is spoken, whereas in others the language is nearing extinction; specific words and expressions may vary among the islands.